Andrew Carnegie

Attribution: Theodore C. Marceau, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Andrew Carnegie


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Andrew Carnegie (English: /kɑːrˈnɛɡi/ kar-NEG-ee, Scots: [kɑrˈnɛːɡi];[2][3][note 1] November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist. Carnegie led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century and became one of the richest Americans in history.[5] He became a leading philanthropist in the United States, Great Britain, and the British Empire. During the last 18 years of his life, he gave away around $350 million (roughly $6.5 billion in 2023),[6] almost 90 percent of his fortune, to charities, foundations and universities.[7] His 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, expressed support for progressive taxation and an estate tax, and stimulated a wave of philanthropy.

Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, and immigrated to what is now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States with his parents in 1848 at the age of 12. Carnegie started work as a telegrapher, and by the 1860s had investments in railroads, railroad sleeping cars, bridges, and oil derricks. He accumulated further wealth as a bond salesman, raising money for American enterprise in Europe. He built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J. P. Morgan in 1901 for $303,450,000 (equal to $10,674,160,000 today);[8] it formed the basis of the U.S. Steel Corporation. After selling Carnegie Steel, he surpassed John D. Rockefeller as the richest American of the time.[9]

Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on building local libraries, world peace, education, and scientific research. He funded the Carnegie Hall in New York City, the Peace Palace in The Hague, founded the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, Carnegie Hero Fund, Carnegie Mellon University, and the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, among others.



Andrew Carnegie has Sun in Sagittarius 1st House, Moon in Aquarius 3rd House, with Scorpio Rising.

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The accuracy of the natal data for this archive is rated as DD

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Sabian Symbols

Influenced by Expressionism

242°, Sun in Sagittarius, Expressionism artwork
308°, Moon in Aquarius, Expressionism artwork
222°, Mercury in Scorpio, Expressionism artwork
255°, Venus in Sagittarius, Expressionism artwork
249°, Mars in Sagittarius, Expressionism artwork
105°, Jupiter in Cancer, Expressionism artwork
210°, Saturn in Scorpio, Expressionism artwork
326°, Uranus in Aquarius, Expressionism artwork
301°, Neptune in Aquarius, Expressionism artwork
13°, Pluto in Aries, Expressionism artwork
82°, Chiron in Gemini, Expressionism artwork
58°, North Node in Taurus, Expressionism artwork
North NodeTaurus
238°, South Node in Scorpio, Expressionism artwork
South NodeScorpio
66°, Lilith in Gemini, Expressionism artwork
221°, Ascendant in Scorpio, Expressionism artwork
150°, Midheaven in Virgo, Expressionism artwork


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Natal Data

Map at Lat 56.071741, Lng -3.452151

1835-11-25 06:14:00 GMT

56° 4′ 18.3″ N 3° 27′ 7.7″ W

Dunfermline, UK


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