Forugh Farrokhzad

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Forugh Farrokhzad

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Forugh Farrokhzad (Persian: فروغ فرخزاد;[2] 28 December 1934 – 14 February 1967) was an influential Iranian poet and film director.[3] She was a controversial modernist poet and an iconoclastic,[4] feminist author.[5][6] Farrokhzad died at the age of 32 due to a car accident.

Early life and career

Forugh Farrokhzad was born in Tehran on 28 December 1934, to career military officer Colonel Mohammad Bagher Farrokhzad (the Farrokhzad family hail from Tafresh) and his wife Touran Vaziri-Tabar. The fourth of seven children (the others being Amir, Massoud, Mehrdad, Fereydoun, Pooran, and Gloria), she attended school until the ninth grade, then was taught painting and sewing at a girls' school for the manual arts. At the age of 16, she was married to satirist Parviz Shapour. She continued her education with painting and sewing classes and moved with her husband to Ahvaz. Her only child, a son named Kamyar Shapour (subject of The Return), was born a year later.

"After her separation, and later her divorce (1954), from Parviz, she lost custody of her son because she had had several affairs. Her son Kamyar, whom she affectionately calls Kami, was taken away from her and brought up by Parviz and his family. Forugh was given very few visiting rights, and the child was brought up with the impression that his mother had abandoned him for poetry and the pursuit of her sexual pleasures. The thought of her son thinking that she willingly abandoned him, was a source of great sorrow and constant torment for her."[7]

Farrokhzad spent nine months in Europe in 1958. After returning to Iran, in search of a job she met filmmaker and writer Ebrahim Golestan, who reinforced her own inclinations to express herself and live independently, and with whom she began a love affair.[8] She published two more volumes, The Wall and The Rebellion, before traveling to Tabriz to make a film about Iranians affected by leprosy. This 1962 documentary film, titled The House is Black, is considered to be an essential part of the Iranian New Wave movement.[9] During the 12 days of shooting, she became attached to Hossein Mansouri, the child of two lepers. She adopted the boy and brought him to live at her mother's house.

She published Reborn in 1964. Her poetry at that time varied significantly from former Iranian poetic traditions.

Feminine perspective in Farrokhzad's poetry

Farrokhzad's strong feminine voice became the focus of much negative attention and open disapproval, both during her lifetime and in the posthumous reception of her work.

In a radio interview, when asked about the feminine perspective in her poems, Farrokhzad replied: "If my poems, as you say, have an aspect of femininity, it is of course quite natural. After all, fortunately, I am a woman. But if you speak of artistic merits, I think gender cannot play a role. In fact, to even voice such a suggestion is unethical. It is natural that a woman, because of her physical, emotional, and spiritual inclinations, may give certain issues greater attention, issues that men may not normally address. I believe that if those who choose art to express their inner self, feel they have to do so with their gender in mind, they would never progress in their art -- and that is not right. So when I write, if I keep thinking, oh I'm a woman and I must address feminine issues rather than human issues, then that is a kind of stopping and self-destruction. Because what matters, is to cultivate and nourish one's own positive characteristics until one reaches a level worthy of being a human. What is important is the work produced by a human being and not one labelled as a man or a woman. When a poem reaches a certain level of maturation, it separates itself from its creator and connects to a world where it is valid based on its own merits."[10][11] Emphasizing human issues, she also calls for a recognition of women's abilities that goes beyond the traditional binary oppositions.[12]

Death

Farrokhzad died in a car accident on 14 February 1967, at the age of 32.[6] Although the exact circumstances of her demise have been the subject of much debate, the official story is that she swerved her jeep to avoid an oncoming school bus and was thrown out of her car, hitting her head against the curb. It was believed she died before reaching the hospital, however, Farzaneh Milani in her book, Forugh Farrokhzad: A Literary Biography With Unpublished Letters / فروغ فرخ زاد: زندگی نامه ادبی همراه با نامه های چاپ نشده (Farsi), cites an interview with Ebrahim Golestan who speaks about Farrokhzad's final moments where she died in his arms.[13] Farrokhzad's poem "Let Us Believe in the Dawn of the Cold Season"[14] was published posthumously, and is considered by some to be one of the best-structured modern poems in Persian.[15]

Legacy

Farrokhzad's poetry was banned for more than a decade after the Islamic Revolution.[4] A brief literary biography of Farrokhzad, Michael Hillmann's A lonely woman: Forough Farrokhzad and her poetry, was published in 1987.[5] Farzaneh Milani's work Veils and words: the emerging voices of Iranian women writers (1992) included a chapter about her. Abdolali Dastgheib, literary critic writer, published a critical review of Farrokhzad's poems titled The Little Mermaid (Farsi title پری کوچک دریا) (2006) in which he describes Forugh as a pioneer in modern Farsi poetry who symbolizes feminism in her work.[16] Nasser Saffarian has directed three documentaries about her life: The Mirror of the Soul (2000), The Green Cold (2003), and Summit of the Wave (2004).

In February 2017, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Farrokhzad's death, the 94-year-old Golestan broke his silence about his relationship with her, speaking to Saeed Kamali Dehghan of The Guardian.[17] "I rue all the years she isn't here, of course, that's obvious," he said. "We were very close, but I can't measure how much I had feelings for her. How can I? In kilos? In metres?"

In 2023, Bompiani published a critical edition of all of Forugh Farrokhzad's collections of poetry, along with an Italian translation in verse: Forugh Farrokhzad, Io parlo dai confini della notte. Tutte le poesie (Testo persiano a fronte), introduced and translated by Domenico Ingenito, Bompiani, 2023 (800 pp.).

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forugh_Farrokhzad

Summary

Forugh Farrokhzad has Sun in Capricorn, Moon in Virgo.

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Poet
Activist
Female

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Sabian Symbols

Influenced by Renaissance

275°, Sun in Capricorn, Renaissance artwork
SunCapricorn
177°, Moon in Virgo, Renaissance artwork
MoonVirgo
274°, Mercury in Capricorn, Renaissance artwork
MercuryCapricorn
285°, Venus in Capricorn, Renaissance artwork
VenusCapricorn
188°, Mars in Libra, Renaissance artwork
MarsLibra
226°, Jupiter in Scorpio, Renaissance artwork
JupiterScorpio
324°, Saturn in Aquarius, Renaissance artwork
SaturnAquarius
27°, Uranus in Aries, Renaissance artwork
UranusAries
164°, Neptune in Virgo, Renaissance artwork
NeptuneVirgo
115°, Pluto in Cancer, Renaissance artwork
PlutoCancer
67°, Chiron in Gemini, Renaissance artwork
ChironGemini
302°, North Node in Aquarius, Renaissance artwork
North NodeAquarius
122°, South Node in Leo, Renaissance artwork
South NodeLeo
138°, Lilith in Leo, Renaissance artwork
LilithLeo
9°, Ascendant in Aries, Renaissance artwork
AscendantAries
275°, Midheaven in Capricorn, Renaissance artwork
MidheavenCapricorn

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Natal Data

Map at Lat 35.7218583, Lng 51.3346954

1934-12-28 Unknown Time LMT

35° 43′ 18.7″ N 51° 20′ 4.9″ E

Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran

4615288251815d288d16225r

1x Records. Last Queried Feb 21, 2024 12:12 AM GMT